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 Introduction to C++ Programming Language

Introduction to C++ Programming Language | Become a Master in DSA with C++ Programming Language
Introduction to C++ Programming Language | Become a Master in DSA with C++ Programming Language

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 Introduction to C++ Programming Language

C++ is a high-level, general-purpose programming language created by Danish computer scientist Bjarne Stroustrup. It was first released in 1985 as an extension of  C Programming Language. C++ has gained a great significance with time. As C++ has object-oriented, generic and functional features which facilitates for low-level memory manipulation. C++ is a compiled language.

C++ has a large active community of developers and users and rich of resources and tools for learning. 

One of the major features of C++ includes the concept of OOPs (Object-Oriented Programming). This allows developers to create classes and objects and to define methods and properties for the objects. We have concept of Templates. Templates in C++ allow the developers to write a piece of code which can work with any data type, this makes it easier to write and also reusable and flexible at the same time. Standard Template Library in C++ provides a wide range of containers and algorithms for working with data, which makes it easier to write efficient and effective code. Exception Handling in C++ helps us to handle various exceptions ie. errors and some unexpected situations.

In a conclusion we can say, C++ is a very powerful and a versatile programming language widely used by a large count of developers for a range of applications. C++ is well suited for both low-level system programming and high-level application development.

Flow of a C++ Program
Flow of a C++ Program
The basic syntax of C++ and C are almost same. 

Some of the features of the C++ Programming Language are as follows:

  • Simple
  • Machine Independent but Platform Dependent
  • Mid-Level Language
  • Rich Library Support
  • Speed of Execution
  • Pointers and Direct Memory Access
  • Object Oriented
  • Compiled Language

Applications of C++

  • Systems Programming: Because of its low-level memory management capabilities, C++ is frequently used to create operating systems, device drivers, and other system applications.
  • Game Development: C++ is used in the development of several well-known video games, including AAA blockbusters. C++ is used to develop game engines like Unity and Unreal Engine.
  • Programming for embedded systems, such as those found in automobiles, robots, and Internet of Things devices, where resource economy and real-time performance are critical, uses C++.
  • Software Applications: C++ is utilised in many software applications, such as office suites (like Microsoft Office), graphic design programmes (like Adobe Photoshop), and 3D modelling programmes (like AutoCAD).
  • Graphics and Multimedia: Computer graphics, animation, and multimedia applications are developed using C++. Commonly used libraries include DirectX and OpenGL.
  • Database Management Systems: C++ is frequently used to implement database systems such as MySQL, PostgreSQL, and Oracle.
  • Web browsers: A few web browser components, such as the Blink rendering engine in Google Chrome, are written in C++.
  • Operating Systems: C++ is utilised in the development of several Linux components and the Windows NT kernel, among other operating system components.
  • Networking and Network Protocols: C++ is a great option for networking applications because networking libraries and protocols are frequently built in this language.
  • Financial Software: Because of its efficiency and performance, C++ is utilised in the development of financial trading applications as well as software for modelling and analysing financial data.
  • Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning: C++ is a good option for computer vision and machine learning applications because libraries such as TensorFlow and OpenCV provide C++ APIs.
  • Scientific and Numerical Computing: Due to its efficiency and ability to handle intricate mathematical operations, C++ is utilised in scientific computing, numerical analysis, and simulations.
  • Robotics: Because C++ enables efficient system resource usage and real-time control, it is the language of choice for programming robots.
  • Automotive Software: Infotainment systems, engine control software, and other vehicle functionalities are developed using C++ in the automotive sector.
  • Aerospace: C++ is utilised in flight control systems and aeroplane and spacecraft simulation software, among other aerospace applications.
  • Industrial Automation: Control systems for manufacturing processes and industrial automation both use C++.
  • High-Performance Computing (HPC): Due to its propensity to maximise performance for supercomputing applications and capitalise on parallel processing, C++ is widely used in HPC.
  • Mobile App Development: Usually using cross-platform development frameworks like Xamarin, C++ is utilised for mobile app development, particularly in resource-intensive applications and games.
  • Because of its performance and flexibility, C++ may be used for a wide range of tasks, from high-level software development spanning multiple disciplines to low-level system programming.
Competitive Programmers Handbook by Antoni Lakenson

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